7 Such individual differences may also impact response to pharmacological and nonpharmacological approaches to the remediation of cognitive aging. In addition to the significant heterogeneity among older www.selleckchem.com/products/VX-765.html adults, there is increasing concern regarding the heterogeneity among cognitive
assessments typically employed in these Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical populations. While many individuals argue that tests such as the ADAS-Cog and MMSE are not sufficiently sensitive to cognitive change in AD, at the very least these measures are consistently employed in such clinical trials, forming a constant yardstick of measurement, and thus facilitating comparison across trials. However, in asymptomatic older adults, one of the significant confounders in this literature is the extreme variability in the cognitive measures employed across studies. Studies vary not only with respect to the cognitive domains Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical assessed but also with respect to the measures employed to assess the same cognitive domain. Additionally, several investigators suggest that, available neuropsychological measures, traditionally developed with clinical populations in mind, may not be sufficiently sensitive Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical to decline, particularly in high functioning and/or younger elderly adults.265 Such concerns also raise issues regarding the
assessment, and subsequent, criteria for such entities as AACD and MCI. A recent investigation has Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical attempted to evaluate the predictive validity and temporal stability of the diagnostic criteria for MCI. In a longitudinal population study, Ritchie et ai178 found that, using current, classification criteria in the general population, the prevalence of MCI was estimated to be 3.2% and AACD 19.3%. MCI was a poor predictor of dementia
within a 3-year period, with an 11.1 % conversion rate. Subjects with MCI also Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical constituted an unstable group, with almost, all subjects changing category each year. On the other hand, subjects classified as AACD appeared to constitute a more stable group, with a 28.6% rate of conversion to dementia over 3 years. Une investigators suggest that the current diagnostic criteria may need to be modified in order to increase their capacity to detect, preclinical dementia. no Another concern with respect, to cognitive decline in aging populations asymptomatic for dementia is how much decline is of clinical significance. Definitions of what constitutes a significantly low score on a psychometric measure vary considerably. In the recent handbook on the neuropsychology of aging, La Rue and Swanda166 propose the following yardstick for at least mild deficit, namely performance ≥1 to 1.5 standard deviations below that of same age peers constitutes a significantly lower score.