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and designed the study, wrote and corrected the manuscript. HFG, TB and KP carried out the experimental work. BS performed experiments, conceived and designed the study, wrote and corrected the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final version of this manuscript.”
“Background Helicobacter pylori colonizes the stomach of more than half of the world’s population and is associated with development of complications such as peptic ulcer disease, gastric cancer, and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma [1–4]. The factors that lead few individuals to develop the associated diseases, while the majority of infected people remain asymptomatic, are unknown, but they have been subject of intense research. Among the host factors, cytokine gene polymorphisms were shown to increase the risk of gastric cancer, specifically IL1B-31, IL1RN, and TNFA-307 single nucleotide polymorphisms in European populations, and IL1RN in a Brazilian population [5–9].