Cardiovascular demand and energy consumption were comparable between the two types of exercise and greater enjoyment was reported when using the gaming console than when using the treadmill or cycle ergometer. None declared. Footnotes: aNintendo Model No. RVL-001(AUS), bWiiTM EA Sports ActiveTM Model No. RVL P R43P-AUS, cNellcor N-20PA Handheld Pulse oximeter, dBody Media, Pittsburg, PA Ethics: The Prince Charles Hospital Human Research
Ethics Committee approved this study. All participants gave written informed consent to participate in the study before data collection began. “
“Ankle injuries are commonly seen in physiotherapy practice. In the Netherlands, 600 000 people experience this type of injury every year (Consument en Veiligheid 2008). About 50–60 000 of them are treated by a physiotherapist (van der Zee 1993). Studies comparing treatments of ankle
injuries show that functional treatment Sotrastaurin chemical structure should be encouraged in favour of immobilisation (Kerkhoffs et al 2002). Furthermore, exercise therapy can help prevent recurrent ankle injuries (Holme et al 1999, McKeon and Hertel 2008, Stomp et al 2005, van der Wees et al 2006b, Wester et al 1996). The effects of manual mobilisation seem to be limited to an initial improvement of the function of the ankle, while its effect on activities of daily living are still unknown (van der Wees et al 2006b, Vicenzino et al 2006). Physical agents and mechanical or electrotherapeutic modalities do not seem to contribute any benefit in the treatment of ankle injuries (Gezondheidsraad 1999, van der Wees et al 2006a, van der Windt et al 2002). Despite this knowledge, discrepancies between selleck chemicals theory and practice
have been shown and variation in treatment strategies has been reported (Swinkels et al 2008). The development and implementation of practical guidelines has been suggested to help reduce variation in practice. A guideline not only defines best practice and increases uniformity of care, it also helps the professional and the patient to make decisions in daily practice, and to Sitaxentan guide the given care in the desired direction (Campbell et al 2003, van der Wees et al 2006a). In 2006, a revised Dutch guideline was published covering both acute injuries and functional instability (van der Wees et al 2006a). According to this guideline, acute injuries are those in which examination and treatment take place within six weeks of the initial trauma. The more severe acute injuries, assessed by function score, require the intervention of a physiotherapist. For these injuries, the guideline has set a maximum of six treatment sessions and recommends four types of interventions: giving information and advice, functional exercises, skill training, and the provision of tapes and braces. In six to eight weeks this should lead to full recovery. If symptoms such as ‘giving-way’ persist after this time, the condition is termed functional instability.