85 vs. 20.08; NS). A similar interaction pattern was observed on a word-learning test. Patients treated with chemotherapy recalled fewer words after being informed about the association between cognitive problems and chemotherapy (M?=?24.44) than without such information (M?=?27.63; p?=?0.010). No difference was found for patients not treated with chemotherapy (M?=?26.35
vs. 25.38; NS). Conclusion Patient information may induce a stereotype threat, which affects self-reported cognitive function and neuropsychological test performance in cancer patients for whom this information is relevant. Copyright (c) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“The aim of this study was to describe the learning curve of a single surgeon to achieve the ability to perform a complication-free and anatomically successful laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC).
All patients, from the first LSC onwards
(1996) were included. Outcome measures were operation time, number Selleckchem Volasertib of laparotomies, complications and anatomical failures within 3 months. Learning curves were generated using moving Apoptosis Compound Library average method (MOA) and cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis to assess changes in respectively operation time and failures (laparotomy, complication or anatomical failure).
Of the 206 patients, 83% were completed by laparoscopy. The intra-operative and major respectively minor post-operative complication rates were 2.4% (n = 5), 4.4% (n = 9) and 12.6% (n = 26). CUSUM analysis showed adequate learning after 60 cases. MOA showed that operation time declined rapidly during the first 30 procedures reaching a steady state (175 min) after 90 cases. Complications remained unchanged throughout ACP-196 cost the series.
LSC was associated with a low complication rate but a long learning curve.”
“The effect of the cooling field (h(cf)) on the exchange bias (h(E)) has been investigated in ferromagnet/antiferromagnet
(FM/AFM) bilayers with the different types of interface exchange coupling. The results show that for the anti ferromagnetic interface coupling, hE can change from negative values to positive ones with increasing h(cf) as the direction of cooling field approaches that of the AFM hard axis. However, h(E) is commonly positive when the cooling field is applied near along the AFM easy axis. On the other hand, for the ferromagnetic interface coupling, the system always exhibits a negative exchange bias while its magnitude depends slowly on h(cf) Moreover, it is found that the sign of hE is determined by the interfacial spin configuration between the FM and the AFM after field cooling procedure The cooling field may play a decisive role in the creation of the interfacial spin configuration for the exchange bias, not only by the interaction between the Zeeman energy of the spins in the external magnetic field and the anti ferromagnetic coupling at the FM/AFM interface, but also by the effect of the uniaxial anisotropy of AFM.