As a consequence, resection of EHD from a colorectal primary has increasingly become accepted over the last decade. We herein review the management of patients with EHD metastatic disease from a colorectal primary tumor. Specifically, we highlight
the data on the surgical management of patients with metastatic disease at the most common EHD sites (e.g. lung, hilar/peri-hepatic lymph nodes, peritoneum), as well as define general oncological principles for treating this challenging cohort of patients. CRC Metastasis: Implication of Number and Anatomic Site There has been controversy regarding the relative importance of Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical total number of EHD metastatic tumors versus location of the specific metastatic site (23,24,26). Some investigators have suggested that the total number of metastatic lesions is the dominant factor that predicts outcome following surgical resection (24,26). Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical In a provocative paper by Elias et al., the authors argued that the site of the metastatic disease did not matter – only the number of metastatic lesions (26). In this study, the total number of tumors impacted survival, but the location of the metastatic disease did not. However, data from this study were difficult to interpret due to the small
number of patients included in each subset analysis. More recently, our group published a large, international series looking at resection of extra-hepatic Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical CRC metastases (8). In this study, both the total number of metastases and the location of the metastatic disease were associated with prognosis. Survival was strongly associated with overall tumor burden (Figure 1). We noted, however, that among patients with a large tumor burden (>6 metastatic lesions) the relative Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical prognostic impact of anatomic location was less (Figure 2). Of note, among patients with a lower
burden of disease, anatomic location of the metastatic disease had a strong influence on survival (Table 1). As such, both total number of EHD metastases and the location of the metastases should be considered when assessing patients for Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical surgery. Figure 1 A: Overall survival among patients with colorectal liver metastasis (CLM) only stratified by number of CLM treated; B: Overall survival among patients with CLM + extrahepatic disease (EHD) stratified by number of CLM + EHD metastasis treated. Used with … Figure 2 Overall survival enough rates when the total number of metastases (CLM + EHD) was (A) 1-3 (B) 4-6 (C) >6 stratified by the presence or absence of EHD. Used with permission: Pulitano C, Epigenetic inhibitor Bodingbauer M, Aldrighetti L, et al. Liver resection for colorectal … Table 1 Survival statistics by location of extrahepatic disease. Used with permission: Pulitano C, Bodingbauer M, Aldrighetti L, et al. Colorectal Liver Metastasis in the Setting of Lymph Node Metastasis: Defining the Benefit of Surgical Resection. Annals of … Pulmonary Metastasis The lung is one of the most common metastatic sites for colorectal carcinoma.