In particular, Ag(9 nm)/Ta(1 nm)/glass film showed 0.08 of the emissivity, including similar to 61% of the transmittance in the visible EPZ5676 solubility dmso region (wavelength: 550 nm). (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3636107]“
“High-light intensities and temperatures of the warm climate regions of Australia and elsewhere have a major effect on the growth and development of grapevines (Vitis vinifera L.). The objective of this research was to assess interactions between the light and seasonal temperatures by shading some vines and comparing these with vines exposed to high-light intensities. Canopy temperatures
were monitored using infrared radiometers and budbreak, phenology, growth, yield, berry ripening and gas exchange determined over three growing seasons. Results showed canopies Crenolanib chemical structure were generally about 4 degrees C cooler than air and shading extended this cooling. Irradiance, irrespective of seasonal temperatures, had no effect on
time of budbreak, shoot phenology, stem growth, yield and bunch fresh weights while bunch and leaf dry weights were reduced in low-light. Bunch ripening was initially delayed by low-light but thereafter the ripening process was highly temperature-dependent. Rates increased linearly with increasing temperature in both low and high-light and were optimal at about 35 degrees C. Maximum photosynthetic capacity was impaired by low irradiance, in accordance with shade leaf attributes, and attributable to stomatal closure. No effects of the low photosynthetic capacity apparently
carried-over to sugar accumulation, consistent with the strong sink capacity of bunches. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Using first-principles density functional theory based method we have performed a systematic investigations of the electronic structures, the structural and magnetic properties related to shape memory applications for Mn2NiAl,Mn2NiGa,Mn2NiSn and Mn2NiIn alloys. Our results confirm that Angiogenesis inhibitor all the alloys undergo a volume conserving martensitic transformation at low temperatures and that the low temperature stable phase is a non-modulated tetragonal one. The relative stabilities of the martensitic phases and the magnetic properties differ considerably for Mn2NiAl, Mn2NiGa and Mn2NiIn and Mn2NiSn. Details of the electronic structures suggest that the differences in hybridizations between the magnetic components are responsible for these trends. Quantitative estimates of the energetics and the magnetizations indicate that Mn2NiGa and Mn2NiAl are more promising candidates for shape memory applications. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3639301]“
“Increasing energy prices demand a renewable, carbon neutral, transport fuel that is environmentally and commercially sustainable.