She is Co-PI for IMPACT’s Invasive Meningococcal

She is Co-PI for IMPACT’s Invasive Meningococcal Selleckchem JNJ 26481585 Surveillance project. She was involved with conception and design of the invasive meningococcal surveillance project and the study reported here as well as data acquisition. She analyzed and interpreted the data and wrote and revised the submitted manuscript. D.W. Scheifele is the IMPACT Data Center Director and Co-PI for IMPACT’s Invasive Meningococcal Surveillance project. He was involved with conception and design of the meningococcal surveillance project and the study reported here as well as data acquisition and interpretation of the data. He revised and approved

the submitted manuscript. S.A. Halperin is one of two Co-PIs for the IMPACT surveillance network. He was involved with conception and design of the meningococcal surveillance project and the study reported here as well as data acquisition. He revised and approved the submitted manuscript. W. Vaudry is the second of Ku-0059436 supplier two Co-PIs for the IMPACT surveillance network. She was involved with conception and design of the meningococcal surveillance project, the study reported here and data acquisition. She revised and approved the submitted manuscript. J. Findlow was responsible

for characterizing the serogroup B isolates by MATS and sequencing fHbp, NHBA and NadA at the Health Protection Agency. He revised and approved the submitted manuscript. R. Borrow was responsible for characterizing the serogroup B isolates by MATS and sequencing fHbp, NHBA and NadA at the Health Protection Agency and was involved with interpretation of the data. He revised and approved the submitted manuscript. D. Medini provided access to and explanation of the laboratory and statistical methods used in the Plikaytis et al. inter-laboratory study and the Donnelly et al. MATS manuscript. He revised and approved the submitted manuscript.

CYTH4 R. Tsang is responsible for the maintenance of the IMPACT N. meningitidis isolate collection at the National Microbiology Laboratory. He was responsible for the serogroup and sequencing typing of the serogroup B isolates and was involved with interpretation of the data. He revised and approved the submitted manuscript. Conflicts of interest: JAB: ad-hoc Advisory Boards (Novartis Vaccines, Canada) and speaker honoraria (Novartis Vaccines, Pfizer Inc., Baxter Inc.). SAH: ad-hoc Advisory Board for Novartis Vaccines, Canada and speaker honoraria in the past year (Novartis Vaccines). DWS: ad hoc Advisory Board for Novartis Vaccines, Canada. WV: Data Safety and Monitoring Board, Novartis Vaccines. RB has performed contract research on behalf of the Health Protection Agency for Baxter Biosciences, GSK, Novartis, Merck, Pfizer and Sanofi Pasteur.

Positive coefficients of C& A2 in equation (3) indicate the syner

Positive coefficients of C& A2 in equation (3) indicate the synergistic effect on % drug loading, while negative coefficients of A, B, AB, BC, AC, B2& C2 indicate the antagonistic effect on % drug loading. The “Pred R Squared” of

0.9709 is in reasonable agreement with the “Adj R-Squared” of 0.9945, indicating the adequacy of the model to predict the response of drug loading. The ‘Adeq Precision’ of 57.304 indicated an adequate signal. Therefore, this model is used to navigate Selleckchem AUY 922 the design space. The 3-D surface plots for % drug loading are shown in Fig. 3. The effect of drug to lipid ratio on % drug loading is concentration dependent. A decrease in % drug loading from 25.82 (H7) to 16.11 (H8) was observed on increasing Alisertib ic50 the drug to lipid ratio from 1:2 to 1:4 (Table 2) while stirring speed also have positive effect on % drug loading. Four formulations (OH1–OH4) were selected from point prediction software of design expert and their responses i.e. particle size, entrapment efficiency and drug loading were evaluated. The composition of all optimum check point formulations, their actual and predicted values for the responses and the % prediction error are shown in Table 4. The low value of % prediction error assures the validity of generated equations and thus depicts

the domain of applicability of RSM model. Finally, the optimum values of until drug to lipid ratio 1:2, surfactant concentration 1.625% w/v and stirring speed 3000 were selected. The optimized formulation (OH4) was further optimized by varying stirring time from 2 h to 2.5 h while maintaining all factors constant. A further decrease in particle size from 140.49 nm (OH4) to 115.1 nm (OPH) was observed on

increasing the stirring time from 2 to 2.5 h while % drug entrapment and % drug loading were not significantly affected (Table 5). A particle size, size distribution & zeta potential curve of optimized formulation (OPH) are shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 respectively. The average particle size, PDI and zeta potential were found to be115.1 nm, 0.409 and −16.7 mV respectively. The entrapment efficiency and drug loading of optimized formulation (OPH) were found to be 71.56% and 26.35% respectively. The Morphology of optimized SLNs was roughly spherical in shape (Fig. 6). In this study, the haloperidol loaded SLNs were designed and prepared by the solvent emulsification diffusion technique. The SLNs were optimized using the 3-level 3-factor Box–Behnken statistical design. The optimized formulation (OPH) exhibited particle size115.1 nm, entrapment efficiency 71. 56% and drug loading 26.35%. The Morphology of optimized SLNs was roughly spherical in shape. All authors have none to declare. The authors express their gratitude to Vamsi labs ltd. Solapur, Maharashtra, India for providing gift sample Haloperidol.

Each group contained 10 animals Before administration of drug, a

Each group contained 10 animals. Before administration of drug, apparent health of these animals was monitored during the conditioning period under the laboratory environments for a week before administration of algal extract specifically noticing loss of hair, diarrhea, edema, ulceration and lack of activity. Diet Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Library nmr and water was provided ad libitum. The animals were maintained under constant environmental conditions 23 ± 2 °C. All animals were given standard diet prepared in the laboratory and water ad libitum for 30 days. They were housed individually in transparent cages, in a quiet room,

under controlled condition of temperature atleast a week before the beginning of experiments, for acclimatization with the environment. The

dosing of Iyengaria stellata was done daily. Ethanolic extract PS-341 clinical trial of seaweed was suspended in distilled water dist.H2O and administered orally at 10 mg/200 g body weight daily for 30 days to the animals of the test group, while the same quantity of dist.H2O was given orally to the animals of the control group. The doses were adjusted according to the body weight of individual animal. 20 All animals received drugs orally. Body weight was monitored weekly. Animals were handled as per specifications provided in Helsinki Resolution 1964 and study was approved by our Board of Advanced studies and research vide Resol. No, 1135 dated: 20-04-2011-22 & 27-04-2011. Blood 2 ml will be collected in EDTA.K3 tubes for blood

hematological examination e.g. erythrocyte count RBC, white blood cell count WBC, Platelet count PLT, hemoglobin Hb on automatic Humacount plus 3 part differential with histogram. Hematology analyzer. Model # 16400/S. Human Germany.25 All values are compared with the controlled and standard drug by taking mean of all of them and the significance of difference between means is determined by student significance t-test. Cediranib (AZD2171) Values of P < 0.05 is considered as significant. Effect of seaweed on blood parameters is shown in Table 1. Various research studies on the therapeutic effects of alga have been conducted in order to prevent and cure different ailments. In the current study brown algae Iyengaria stellata has been explored for its hematopoietic effect. Literature survey revealed that polysaccharide is the major component responsible for the hematopoietic effect. The hematopoietic activity is through the stimulation of secretion of interleukin-6 and GM colony-stimulating factor, and the amounts of these hematopoietic growth factors secreted, in general, agreed with the number of GM colony formations. 26 Other studies using >99% pure carbohydrate fraction from Aloe vera extracts revealed increased hematopoietic and hematologic activity compared to the starting material.

[9] Patients at Level 1 of diagnostic certainty were defined as

[9]. Patients at Level 1 of diagnostic certainty were defined as confirmed cases. Level 1 requires

one of the following: demonstration of invagination of the intestine at surgery and/or by either air or liquid-contrast enema, presence of intra-abdominal mass on ultrasonography, and/or the demonstration of invagination at autopsy. Cases diagnosed using a combination of clinical symptoms and signs according to Levels 2 and 3 of diagnostic certainty are defined as probable. Suspected cases are patients with a diagnosis of intussusception for whom the available information prevents ON-01910 nmr from determining the level of diagnostic certainty. Data for each identified case was collected by reviewing admission and discharge logs, case history records, ultrasonography, radiology logs, and surgery reports from the respective hospitals. For this study, baseline data of confirmed cases of intussusception only was collected. For each identified child, information on demographics, admission and discharge dates, clinical signs and symptoms and their duration, as well as diagnostic and treatment procedures performed was extracted, recorded on pre-developed

case record forms and then entered into an MS Excel database. Symptoms PF-01367338 mw and signs were recorded as positive or negative only if the presence or absence of the symptom or sign was documented by the medical and/or nursing staff in the patient’s records. The data was pooled and analyzed according to age, sex, clinical signs, year and month of hospitalization, and diagnostic and treatment-related characteristics. During the surveillance, we identified 187 confirmed cases of intussusception in children less than 60 months (5 years) of age. The median age of diagnosis

was 8 months (range 1.5–60). The majority of cases diagnosed were below the age of 12 months (55.6%) with the highest number of cases in the age group of 6–11 months (31.6%) (Fig. 1). We identified a male–female ratio of 3.1:1, with males accounting for 75% and females 25% of confirmed intussusception cases. We found the highest numbers of cases of intussusception in the month of April and lowest because numbers in the month of September (Fig. 2). The study observed that the most frequent symptoms were recurrent vomiting (51.3%) and abdominal pain (47%). Other symptoms recorded include: blood in stool (18.7%), abdominal distension (12.3%), excessive crying (13.4%) and fever (6.4%). We documented the classic triad of vomiting, passage of blood through the rectum and abdominal pain in 18.7% of children. To diagnose intussusception ultrasonography was used in 71.6% of cases and plain abdominal radiography in 25.6% of cases. Of the 187 confirmed cases, 134 cases (71.65%) were managed surgically, 48 cases (25.66%) managed by radiological reduction and spontaneous recovery occurred in 5 cases (2.67%). The mean duration of hospital stay for cases of intussusception was 10.

Participants were recruited from 40 primary schools selected by l

Participants were recruited from 40 primary schools selected by location and the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) score (a

government-produced area level measure of deprivation) for each school postcode. The final sample approximately click here reflected IMD tertiles of all state schools within a 15-mile radius of the University of Bristol, with twelve, sixteen and twelve schools respectively from high, middle and low IMD tertiles. In total, 1684 Year 6 children were invited to take part in the study and 986 children provided data (a response rate of 58.6%). Informed parental consent was obtained. The study was approved by a University of Bristol ethics committee. Physical activity was assessed using ActiGraph GT1M accelerometers (ActiGraph, LLC, Pensacola, FL). A 10-s epoch was used to capture the intermittent nature of children’s physical activity. Consistent with previous studies, data were collected for 5 continuous days, including 2 weekend days. Participants were included in the analyses if they provided ≥ 500 min of data for at least 3 days (n = 747) ( Steele et al., 2009). Mean activity levels (CPM) and minutes of moderate to vigorous intensity physical

activity per day (MVPA), which is regarded as “health-enhancing” (Department of Health, 2004), were calculated. Both measures were averaged across the whole day and for the after school period (3 pm–6 pm) on weekdays, across Olopatadine both selleck inhibitor weekend days and across the whole week. Leisure-time physical activity was defined as the period from 3 pm until

6 pm on weekdays and all day at weekends. Physical activity that resulted in ≥ 3200 CPM was treated as MVPA (Puyau et al., 2002). While acknowledging the considerable debate over cut-points, we opted for 3200 because it was obtained from highly robust laboratory calorimetry (Puyau et al., 2002). However, given that there is a 9% difference in values between the GT1M monitors and the 7164 monitors, (Corder et al., 2007), a correction factor of 0.91 was used to give a cut-point of 2912 counts per minute. Contextual information regarding children’s physical activity was provided by children’s self-reported active play. A single question asked: “How often do you play with your friends or family outside near your home?” Response categories were “Never,” “1–2 days per week,” “3–4 days per week” and “5 or more days per week.” A pilot test of the reliability of this question with 47 Year 6 children produced a test-retest correlation of 0.72 and an alpha of 0.84, indicating good reliability. For regression analysis the four categories were converted to indicator variables with “Never” as the reference category. Body mass index (kg/m2) was converted to an age and gender specific standard deviation score (BMI SDS) (Cole et al., 1995). IMD was derived from household postcode.

For the freeze–thaw stability, the QC

For the freeze–thaw stability, the QC PD98059 supplier samples were subjected to three cycles of freeze–thaw operations in three consecutive days then analyzed against a calibration curve of the day. For long-term stability three sets of QC samples were prepared, the first set was analyzed and calculated against calibration curve of the day. The other two sets were stored at −20 °C for 50 days then analyzed and calculated against calibration curve of the day. The pharmacokinetics of AT and EZ from two commercially available combination products A and B was compared following the administration of single doses comprising AT 40 mg and EZ 10 mg, using a non-blind, two-treatment, two-period, randomized, crossover design. Twenty-four healthy male

volunteers participated in this comparative study after giving informed written consent and undergoing physical, complete haematological and biochemical examinations. They were randomly assigned to one of two groups of equal size. Their mean age was 34 ± 4 years, mean body mass was 71.4 ± 7.2 kg and mean height was 173.0 ± 4.5 cm. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee

for protection of human subjects (Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt) and the protocol complies with the declarations of Helsinki and Tokyo for humans. Instructions were given GSK1120212 to all subjects to abstain from taking medicines and smoking for 1 week before the beginning of the studies to the end of the test. All subjects fasted for at least 10 h before the study day14 to facilitate

the pharmacokinetic and bioavailability studies of this combination in humans. The study was performed in two phases: phase I, half the number of volunteers received product B (test formulation) and the remainder received product A (reference branded combination formulation). Both treatments were ingested with 200 mL of water. Food and drink (other than water, which was allowed after 2 h) were not allowed until 4 h after dosing and then a standard breakfast, lunch and dinner were given to all volunteers according to a time schedule. A washout period of one week separated the two phases. In the second phase, the reverse of randomization took place. Each group was supervised by a physician who was also responsible for their safety and collection of samples during the trial. Adverse events were 4-Aminobutyrate aminotransferase spontaneously reported or observed either by the volunteers or the physician and were recorded and evaluated. Venous blood samples (5 mL) were collected into heparinized tubes at the following set points: 0 (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 24 and 72 h after administration of each treatment. Samples were pretreated as previously mentioned. Pharmacokinetic analysis was performed by means of a model independent method using Kinetica™ 2000 computer program (USA). The maximum drug concentration (cmax, ng mL−1) and the time to reach cmax (tmax, h) were obtained from the individual plasma concentration–time curves.

The seeds were sown at 25 days intervals on 20th May, 15th June a

The seeds were sown at 25 days intervals on 20th May, 15th June and 10th July, 2010 in the experimental plots with 60 × 30 cm spacing. All agronomical management practices were performed as needed. The samples Selleckchem PS341 of leaves and whole plants were collected at pre flowering and full flowering stages. Samples of whole plant, leaves, spikes and husk were subjected to hydro-distillation for 4 h using a Clevenger-type apparatus to produce oil. The oils were dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and stored in sealed vial at low temperature before analysis. GC/MS analyzes were performed with a Perkin Elmer Clarus 500 gas chromatograph

equipped with a split/splitless injector (split ratio 50:1) data handling system. The column was Rtx®-5 capillary columns (60 m × 0.32  mm, 0.25 μm film thickness). Helium (He) was the carrier gas at a flow rate 1.0 ml/min. The GC was interfaced with (Perkin Elmer Clarus 500) mass detector operating in the EI+ mode. The mass spectra were generally recorded over 40–500 amu that revealed the total ion current (TIC) chromatograms. Temperature program was used as follows: initial temperature of 60 °C (hold: 2 min) programmed at a rate of 3 °C/min to a final temperature of 220 °C (hold: 5 min). The temperatures of the injector,

transfer line and ion source were maintained at 210 °C, 210 °C and 200 °C, respectively. The components of the oils were identified by comparison of their mass spectra with those Pomalidomide supplier of commercial libraries (NIST/Pfleger/Wiley)

or with authentic compounds and confirmed by comparison of their retention indices either with those of authentic compounds or with data published in literature. 17 The average oil content in different plant parts were obtained as 0.06–0.10% (whole plant), 0.10–0.14% (leaves), 0.13–0.23% (spike) and 0.10–0.13% (husk) during different sowing times. The highest oil content obtained in all the spike samples at different sowing times, which ranged from 0.16 to 0.23% (D1), 0.15–0.20% (D2) and 0.13–0.18% (D3), whereas lowest oil yield obtained in whole plant, varied between 0.06 and 0.09% (D1), 0.06–0.10% (D2 and D3). Table 1 shows the identified constituents and their relative content in the essential oils obtained Ribonucleotide reductase from whole plant, leaves, spikes and husk of Perilla frutescens at 3 sowing times, D1-seeds sown on 20th May, D2-seeds sown on 15th June and D3-seeds sown on 10th July. D1 stage: The major compound was found as perilla ketone (52.34–90.28%) followed by 1-methyl-2-methylene trans-decalin (4.49–32.98%). The percentage of perilla ketone, the first major compound in all the oils, was found maximum in spikes (90.28%) followed by husk (64.54%), leaves (54.56%) and whole plant (52.34%). 1-Methyl-2-methylene trans-decalin was higher in leaves oil (32.98%) and lower in spikes essential oil (4.49%). The amount of trans-caryophyllene was higher in the essential oil obtained from whole plant (8.54%) and also in husk (5.08%).

1 2600 Adverse events were evaluated descriptively Immunogenici

1.2600. Adverse events were evaluated descriptively. Immunogenicity results shown here were analyzed at SSI and LUMC using Prism 6.04 for Windows (GraphPad Software,

Inc., La Jolla, CA 92037, USA). Change from baseline to each observed visit within groups and comparisons between groups were compared using Kruskal–Wallis test with Dunn’s correction. No formal sample size calculation was performed in this trial. An alpha <0.05 was considered significant throughout the trial. Of 49 screened subjects 38 were included in the clinical trial. The safety population consisted of all included subjects. NVP-BGJ398 ic50 Mean ages were 20.7, 22.2, 30.5, and 24.6 years in vaccination groups 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively, overall mean age of 24.9 years, ranging from 18–51 years. Seven subjects (7 females) were vaccinated with 50 μg H1 (no adjuvant), 10 subjects (2 male, 8 female) with 50 μg H1 + 125/25 μg CAF01 (low adjuvant group), 11 subjects see more (2 male, 9 female) with 50 μg

H1 + 313/63 μg CAF01 (intermediate adjuvant group) and finally, 10 subjects (1 male, 9 female) with 50 μg H1 + 625/125 μg CAF01 (high adjuvant group). A total of 34 subjects were included in the per-protocol population and 7, 9, 10 and 8 from groups 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively, were included in the immunogenicity analysis (Fig. 1). Long-term visits, 150 weeks after initial enrolment, were successfully conducted for 31 out of the original 34 per protocol trial subjects; 7, 9, 9 and 6 from groups 1–4, respectively. All 38 subjects with at least one vaccination were included in the safety analysis. No vaccine related serious or severe Adenylyl cyclase adverse reactions occurred during the trial. Loco-regional injection site reactions occurred more frequently in those given the CAF01-adjuvanted antigen, and mainly included stiffness (defined as injection site movement impairment) and pain at the injection site one day after the vaccinations (Table 1). Of note, these reactions were not more frequent after the second vaccination and

there was no significant difference between the three adjuvant doses. In total, any local adverse reactions were distributed with 6 events in 2 (29%) subjects in the non-adjuvanted group 1, 26 events in 10 (100%) subjects in group 2, 24 events in 9 (82%) subjects in group 3 and 26 events in 9 (90%) subjects in group 4. None of the subjects required analgesics and all experienced full recovery within a maximum of 4 days. A small, cold nodule at the injection site was noted in 1 subject in the intermediate CAF01 dose group 3. No signs of attendant inflammation or local vesiculation, axillary lymphadenitis or fistula did occur, and the nodule had disappeared within one week. One subject in group 4 (in concomitant treatment with tramadol) did not receive the second vaccination due to rash and itch on knees, hips and elbows, as a relation to the trial vaccine could not be ruled out.


summary of recommendations including grade of recommend


summary of recommendations including grade of recommendation is presented in colour-coded organisation Selleckchem Venetoclax on pages 4–29. These cover evidence for organisation of services, stroke recognition and pre-hospital care, early assessment and diagnosis, acute medical and surgical management, secondary prevention, rehabilitation, managing complications, community participation and long term recovery, and cost and socioeconomic implications. This is followed by detailed chapters that discuss the specific evidence that underpins each recommendation. Many sections are relevant to physiotherapy, such as the organisation of services, the amount, timing, and intensity of rehabilitation, management of sensorimotor impairment, rehabilitation of physical activity, managing complications such as contracture, pain, cardiorespiratory fitness, Selleck SCR7 and falls, and long term recovery. All references (990) are provided at the end of the document. Appendices include information on the National Stroke Audit,

and priorities for research. This is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary document that provides detailed, latest evidence for the management of individuals presenting with stroke or TIA. “
“The evidence-based practice (EBP) movement has gained ground steadily in physiotherapy over the past decade. Influential researchers and clinicians have argued that physiotherapists have a moral and professional obligation to move away from assessment and treatment methods based on anecdotal testimonies or opinion (Grimmer-Somers

2007). However, the growing volume below of high-quality clinical research makes it difficult for clinicians to keep pace with the latest evidence. Simultaneously, the practice of physiotherapy has become increasingly complex due to changes in health care systems that entail higher demands on physiotherapists to provide effective and efficient management of patients amidst high patient turnover. Research on implementation of EBP in physiotherapy has established many barriers to developing a more evidence-based physiotherapy practice. Most frequently identified barriers include factors such as time restrictions, limited access to research, poor confidence in skills to identify and critically appraise research, and inadequate support from colleagues, managers and other health professionals (Jette et al 2003, Iles & Davidson 2006, Grimmer-Somers et al 2007). Limited research in some areas of physiotherapy also constitutes an obstacle to practising evidence-based physiotherapy (Fruth et al 2010). Some authors express the influences on EBP in physiotherapy as facilitators rather than barriers.

17 and 18 Although the use of solid-phase extraction procedures r

17 and 18 Although the use of solid-phase extraction procedures reduces the matrix effect considerably, it increases overall time and cost of analysis. In the present method simple liquid–liquid extraction procedure, AT13387 which was fast enough for high-throughput analysis, was optimized. Knowing that AT

is a member of the statins that are notoriously unstable and convert in solvents from open acid form to lactone form and vice versa, by non enzymatic reactions that are pH dependent, attempt was made to control this interconversion by adding phosphate buffer (pH 6.8). This is done before the sample extraction with the organic solvent to favour the acid form. 19, 20, 21 and 22 The good recovery of AT and EZ from plasma using the liquid–liquid extraction procedure proved that this extraction method reliably eliminated interfering material from plasma. The mean percent recovery values of AT were 94.4, 95.7 and 95.8% at low, medium and high quality control levels while that of EZ were 93.5, 95.0 and 92.6% at low, medium and high quality control levels respectively. The mean percent recovery of the IS at a concentration of 100 ng mL−1 was 90.9% with an acceptable precision (RSD < 8%). Typical MRM chromatograms obtained from different

plasma blank samples, plasma spiked Alisertib datasheet with standard AT and EZ (0.2, 4, 15 ng mL−1) and IS (100 ng mL−1), are shown in Figs. 2 and 3. Retention times of AT, EZ and the IS were 1.01, 0.97 and 0.22 min, respectively. No significant interference from endogenous peaks was observed at these retention times. Calibration curves were linear in the concentration range of 0.1–20 ng mL−1 Rolziracetam for

both AT and EZ. The calibration curves were fitted by weighted least-squares linear regression. The precision and accuracy of calibration samples for AT and EZ in human plasma are given in Table 2. The mean ± SD of six standard curve slopes for AT and EZ were 1.069 ± 0.018 and 0.037 ± 0.001, respectively. The coefficient of determination (R2) of the calibration curves was ≥0.999 for both analytes. The lowest limit of quantification was determined to be 0.1 ng mL−1 for both analytes with a signal to noise ratio of 5.8 and 7.1 for AT and EZ respectively ( Fig. 2). The intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy of three quality control concentrations (0.2, 4, 15 ng mL−1) are summarized in Table 3. For AT intra- and inter-day RSDs were less than 5.60 and 8.24%, respectively, whereas intra-day accuracy ranged from 94.80 to 97.78% with a mean of 95.9% and inter-day accuracy ranged from 93.6 to 96.10% with a mean of 95.2%. For EZ intra- and inter-day RSD was less than 4.73 and 7.13%, respectively. Intra-day accuracy ranged from 92.3 to 96.8% with a mean of 94.1% and inter-day accuracy ranged from 92.0 to 97.2% with a mean of 94.3%. The ability to dilute samples with concentrations above the upper limit of quantification could be made with accuracy of 93.