The chemokine CXCL12, also called stromal-derived factor (SDF-1),

The chemokine CXCL12, also called stromal-derived factor (SDF-1), is the sole

ligand for CXCR4 [6]. Unlike other chemokines and their receptors, CXCR4 and SDF-1 are constitutively expressed in a variety of tissues, including the brain, heart, liver, lung, spleen and kidney [1, 7, 8]. SDF-1 is expressed in hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic tissues and was originally identified from bone marrow stromal cells as a pre-B cell growth factor, which is essential for heart, nervous system and blood vessel development. Mice with a targeted deletion of the CXCL12 gene die perinatally, whereas the CXCR4 protein is expressed mainly in neutrophilic granulocytes, macrophages and dendritic cells. The interaction between CXCR4 and SDF-1 plays an important role in the formation of embryos, the development of blood vessels and this website the heart, the homing of hematopoietic stem cells after

transplant, the transmembrane migration of inflammatory cells, T lymphocyte proliferation and the inflammatory response. After further research on the receptor, investigators found that CXCR4 is one of the most comprehensive cytokine receptors expressed in tissue, playing an important role in the growth and metastasis of a variety of malignant tumors [9]. In this article, through in vitro primary culture methods, we obtained an HCC cell line derived from the human hepatoma portal vein, which provided the experimental materials for a functional study of the role of CXCR4 in tumor cell invasiveness. To confirm

the novel role of CXCR4 in hepatocarcinogenesis, the expression levels of CXCR4 in tumor tissue, adjacent hepatic tissue and PVTT tissue selleck compound were measured. Finally, the mutual effects of CXCR4 expression and clinical pathology characteristics were discussed [10]. To further investigate the role of CXCR4 in HCC tumorigenesis and metastasis, a migration assay was performed on PVTT cells following the suppression of CXCR4 expression by the lentivirus-mediated expression of enough small hairpin RNA (shRNA). Methods Patients Patient sample exhibiting HCC with PVTT A total of 23 cases originated from the resected sample of HCC of active hepatitis combined with PVTT in the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from May 2007 to May 2008. Of all of the cases, 14 cases were male and 9 were female, and the ages ranged from 28 to 66 years, with an average age of 42. The detection of hepatitis B DNA in all patients was greater than 104 (104-107) copies/ml. Nineteen of the patients had HbsAg (+), HbeAg (+) and HbcAg (+), which accounted for 82.6% of the patients; 4 cases were HbsAg (+), HbeAb (+), HbcAg (+), which accounted for 17.4%. There were 7 cases with complicating lesser tubercle hepatic cirrhosis, 10 cases with tuberculum majus liver cirrhosis, and 6 cases with mixed tuberculum liver cirrhosis. Seventeen cases had serum alpha-fetoprotein levels of greater than 20 μg/L (upper normal level), which accounts for 73.9%.

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