Cancer Lett 2009, 276:189–195.PubMedCrossRef Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions BW and YFX
contributed equally to this work. Topoisomerase inhibitor BW, BSH, YQP and SKW designed research. BW, YFX, LRZ, CZ, LLQ performed research. BW and YQP analyzed data. BW wrote the paper. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Introduction Inhibition of click here apoptosis is one of the important mechanisms for the growth of many malignant tumor cells. IAPs, the new anti-apoptotic protein families which independent of Bcl-2, are a hot apoptosis research field in recent years, and can play an important role in inhibiting tumor cell growth. Until now, 8 members of IAPs family were found: NAIP, ILP-2,
c-IAPl(MIHB, HIAP-2), c-IAP2((HIAP-1, MIHC, API2), XIAP(hILP, MIHA, ILP-1), Bruce(apollon), survivin and Livin(ML-IAP, KIAP). Livin as a new member of IAPs family was found in recent years, which shows high expression level in some specific tumor tissue cells, but little, if not none, in normal tissues. Researchers had GW2580 found that it may become the target for tumor therapy [8, 9]. In 2003, Gazzaniga et al  used RT-PCR in 30 cases of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder (TCCB) tumor tissue to detect Livin mRNA expression level, and the results showed that normal bladder tissues did not express Livin, while TCCB tissues expressed high level of Livin. They made a follow-up visit for 4 years to these patients and finally discovered that the Livin positive expression was
quite related to the tumor recrudescence. So the objective of this study is to apply antisense oligonucleotide for Livin gene to investigate the effect of inhibition Livin expression on proliferation and apoptosis of human bladder cancer cell 5637 in vivo and in vitro, and to further explore the mechanisms under the phenomenon, and to provide a theoretical basis for treatment of bladder cancer using antisense oligonucleotide Miconazole with Livin as a target gene. Materials and methods Synthesis of antisense oligonucleotide Livin antisense oligonucleotide sequence was from the literature , and a misantisense oligonucleotides (MSODN) was also designed. According to Genbank, ASODN and MSODN do not match with any known mammalian gene. They were synthesized by Takara Biotechnology Co., Ltd (Dalian, China) with phosphorathioate oligonucleotide technology followed by PAGE purification. Using serum-free and antibiotic-free RPMI1640 medium to dilute the stock solution to 20 μmo1/L followed by filtration of microporous filtering film and preservation at -20°C. Antisense sequence: 5′-ACCATCACCGGCTGCCCAGT-3′, target sequence: 5′-ACUGGGCAGCCGGUGAUGGU-3′, missense sequence: 5′-GTCAGGATCTTCCCACGGAG-3′.