Additionally, it codes for more than 80% of the tRNA genes annota

Additionally, it codes for more than 80% of the tRNA genes annotated in both genomes and, therefore, is supposed to be the source of find more these tRNAs for the whole consortium. Comparative analysis with other endosymbiotic or free-living bacteria reveals a

significant overload of tRNA genes in M. endobia in relation with its translational requirements (Figure 3). It should be noted that M. endobia has multiple tRNAs loci for codons that are more frequently represented in T. princeps than in itself (Additional files 2 and 3), due to their different G + C content. On the other hand, T. princeps has only retained tRNA genes with the anticodon complementary to its most frequently used codons for

alanine (GCA) and lysine (AAG). Surprisingly, it has two copies (plus a pseudogene) of the last one, a quite unusual situation for such a reduced genome, while this tRNA is missing in the M. endobia genome. This fact might be an indication that T. princeps is providing this tRNA to its nested endosymbiont, see more whose absolute requirements for this tRNA are considerably larger (2032 codons). Figure 3 Correlation between tRNA genes content and translational requirements. Selected genomes with variable translational requirements are taken into account: Sulcia muelleri CARI (1), Buchnera aphidicola BCc (2), Moranella endobia PCVAL (white), Riesia pediculicola (3), Blatabacterium sp. Bge (4), Blochmania floridanus (5), Baumania cicadicolla (6), Hamiltonella defensa (7), Sodalis glossinidius (8), Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. Enterocolitica 8081 (9), Escherichia coli str. K-12 MG1655 (10), Dickeya dadantii Ech586 (11), and Serratia sp. AS9 (12). A high correlation between both Fosbretabulin solubility dmso parameters was observed when every genome except M. endobia were included (R2 = 0.94), as well as when only endosymbionts except

Carbachol M. endobia were considered (R2 = 0.77). Inclusion of M. endobia among endosymbionts caused a drastic diminution of the coefficient (R2 = 0.33). Finally, as it was already stated, ribosomes are the best preserved molecular machinery in T. princeps[16, 19]. In addition to two copies of the ribosomal 23S-16S operon, it encodes 49 out of 56 ribosomal proteins needed to make a complete ribosome. On the other hand, M. endobia has also retained a full set of ribosomal proteins and also presents two copies of the 23S and 5S rRNA genes. The high redundancy of rRNA and ribosomal protein genes might indicate that ribosomes from both members of the consortium are not exchangeable, or that redundancy is needed to achieve proper levels of ribosomal components for cell functioning. Both genomes encode the tmRNA, a molecule needed to solve problems that arise during translation while only M. endobia encodes ribosome maturation proteins and translational factors.

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