01) and positively with HRCT Warrick score (P = 003) IL-23 conc

01) and positively with HRCT Warrick score (P = 0.03). IL-23 concentration Panobinostat datasheet negatively correlated with DLCO (P = 0.04), total lung capacity (TLC) (P = 0.01) and the 6-min walk test distance (P = 0.03). No associations were found

between the cytokine levels and the average extent of the disease on HRCT. While the relationship between Th17-associated cytokines and ILD-SSc needs to be verified in a larger cohort of patients, the changes in concentrations of IL-17, IL-21 and IL-23 support the hypothesis that these cytokines may play a role in the pathogenesis of SSc. “
“The effect of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is still controversial. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of sulphasalazine (SSZ) mono- or combination therapy with methotrexate (MTX) in AS patients naive to anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) agents. Patients with AS (n = 87, male : female, 46 : 41) treated with SSZ (n = 61) or SSZ + MTX (n = 26) combination and a documented 6-month follow-up were evaluated retrospectively. Disease activity was assessed by

the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation click here rate. Requirement for anti-TNFα therapy was assessed after 6 months. Mean (SD) age was 43.0 (11.0) versus 40.2 (11.1) and disease duration was 11.0 (8.6) versus 8.2 (5.2) years, in the SSZ and SSZ + MTX groups, respectively. Initially, 59% (34/61) of the patients in SSZ monotherapy and 68% (17/26) in the combination arm had BASDAI > 4. At the end of the study, BASDAI scores decreased similarly in both groups (mono: 1.4 [–7–6] versus combination: 0.7 [–3–6] P = 0.2). BASDAI was > 4 in 32.8% (20/61) of patients in the SSZ monotherapy and in 44% (11/26) in the combination arm. Only 4 (6.6%) patients in the SSZ group and 2 (7.7%) in the ombination arm were switched to anti-TNFα therapies. A significant subset of our AS patients responded to SSZ mono or SSZ + MTX combination therapies at 6 months follow-up. Using BASDAI, the requirement for biological

therapies decreased by 21–24%. In AS patients, including those with axial involvement only, DMARD therapy may selleckchem be a reasonable first alternative to anti-TNFα therapy and may delay the switch to biologic agents. “
“To identify the frequency of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related aortitis in patients who undergo aorta surgery and are diagnosed by pathology as having chronic aortic inflammation and to compare IgG4-related aortitis with other non-infectious aortitises in terms of clinical characteristics. The aorta specimen pathological reports of 1418 patients who underwent aortic aneurysm or dissection surgery were reviewed. In total, 41 had chronic aortic inflammation without atherosclerosis, cancer or infection. Their aorta biopsy specimens were subjected to IgG4 immunostaining.

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