Whereas developing countries generally struggle with problems inv

Whereas developing countries generally struggle with problems involving the funding of vaccines and the extent of coverage of standard immunization programs, industrialized nations face problems involving the financing of expanded programs. Honduras, however, like most of the other Latin-American countries, already has extensive vaccine coverage due to active promotion

of immunization by PAHO. The global EPI has been integrated in the country for many years and its buy Ibrutinib national team has a relatively strong influence. Thus countries like Honduras tend to have an industrialized-country profile, i.e. their legislation facilitates and guarantees the financing of both current and new vaccines in compliance with the national EPI. The Council meetings are held at the national EPI headquarters. This alone denotes the close relation existing between EPI and the NCCI. Also, the fact that one of the senior members of the NCCI is the EPI Executive Director is significant in this regard. Officially the EPI, being part of the Health Secretariat, appoints new members. Any candidates for NCCI membership presented by the medical associations are selected by the EPI technical team according to the solicited profile. In addition, the agenda of Council activities

is exclusively based on lists of key issues elaborated yearly according to the needs identified by the EPI. The close bond between the EPI and the NCCI could have an impact on the impartiality required for recommendations old find more taken by the Council. However, as in the case of medical associations, this relationship must be understood as historically specific to this country even though it might be considered a source of potential bias if it were the case for committees in industrialized countries. This bond is part of the Council’s identity and it has no influence on the decision-making process. The high quality of the Council’s recommendations is demonstrated by the fact that to date, the health authorities have implemented all recommendations.

The NCCI, acknowledging the importance of preventing conflicts of interests, has developed a strategy for avoiding such conflicts among Council members. If a member, for private or professional reasons, appears to have any specific interest in a topic under discussion, he or she will be required to resign temporarily and will be prohibited from voting on the matter. The fact that the authorities of Honduras have implemented this procedure adds legitimacy to the decision-making process. This process of temporary suspension of members has been used on two occasions. However, currently there is no requirement for an official written declaration of interest prior to each meeting or when a new member is appointed. As described above, medical associations and EPI staff members play an important role in the recommendation process.

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