Under such conditions, it is difficult to imagine that coaches would not know what DSs their athletes are consuming. Study limitations The limitations of these results and the conclusions drawn from them stem mostly from the self-reported nature of the study data and the fact that we studied relatively small sample Blasticidin S manufacturer from only one country. First, this investigation is based on the subjects’ self reports. The subjects might not have told the truth, especially if they felt uncomfortable. However, we believe that the testing design (see Materials and methods) and experience gained from previous studies decreased this possibility. Second, we must note that this study relies on subjects sampled from only one
country; therefore, any generalizations are questionable. However, because Croatia’s excellence in this sport is widely recognized and because we studied all of the subjects we intended to include in the study (the entire National team, a 100% response rate), we believe that although the data presented and discussed in this study are not the final word on the subject, they should be considered
a significant contribution to the knowledge in the field. Finally, one of our aims Tariquidar clinical trial was to compare athletes and coaches’ this website opinions about and attitudes toward DSs and doping, but we were unable to do so accurately because of the need for an anonymous investigation. In other words, we could not compare each athlete’s responses Linifanib (ABT-869) to those of his/her coach. Conclusion Although the high frequency of DS usage among sailing athletes can be explained by the characteristics of the sport (i.e., athletes being on the open sea for several hours, challenging weather conditions, and long drives), there is a need for further investigation of the exact nutritional needs of those athletes. Such an analysis will not only provide more detailed insight into the real nutritional value and necessity
of DSs but also prevent possible misuse and overconsumption of DSs. Additionally, the results clearly highlight the need for a precise analysis of the differences between single and double crew members in real sailing conditions, especially with regard to physiological background and eventual nutrient deficiencies. In addition to the opinion that DSs are useless, a self-declared “lack of knowledge about DSs” was found to be an important reason for avoiding DSs. Therefore, future studies should seek out precise information about athletes’ knowledge of nutrition, DSs and doping problems in sailing. In doing so, special attention should be paid to supporting team members (coaches, physicians, athletic trainers, strength and conditioning specialists) and their knowledge, as the athletes reported that coaches are the primary source of information about nutrition and DSs. Because our ability to investigate this variable was seriously limited (i.e.