The transition zone and basal bodies are further described here from the distal end toward the proximal end. The central space within the proximal half of the transition BGB324 supplier zone contained three distinct elements: faint spokes (denoted as ‘a’), an
outer concentric ring positioned just inside the microtubular doublets (denoted as ‘b’), and electron dense globules (denoted as ‘c’) (Figures 6D, 6L). Each faint spoke extended from a microtubular doublet toward the center of the transition zone. The globules were positioned at the intersections of each faint spoke and the outer concentric ring (Figures 6D, 6L). In more proximal points along the transition zone, nine “”radial connectives”" extended from each doublet toward the flagellar membrane (Figures 6E-F), and an opaque core was present within the central space when observed in both longitudinal and transverse section (Figures 6A, 6F-G). The opaque core consisted of six distinct elements: nine spokes extending from each doublet (denoted as ‘a’), the outer concentric ring (denoted as ‘b’), nine electron dense globules associated with the outer concentric ring (denoted as ‘c’), a central electron dense hub (denoted as ‘d’), an inner concentric ring (denoted as ‘e’) and nine radial connectives extending from
each doublet to the flagellar membrane (denoted as ‘f’) (Figures 6F, 6M). The radial connectives disappeared just above the distal boundary of the basal body (Figures 6A, 6G), and the elements within the central space disappeared just BAY 57-1293 price below the distal boundary of the basal body (Figures 6A, 6H). The dorsal basal body
(DB) and ventral basal body (VB) anchored the dorsal flagellum (DF) and ventral flagellum (VF), respectively. Both basal bodies were approximately 1.6 μm long, arranged in parallel to each other, and possessed nine transitional fibers extending from each triplet towards the cell membrane (Figures 6A, 6H-I). Internal cartwheel elements were present within the most proximal ends of both basal bodies (Figures 6J, 7G). Flagellar Root System The flagellar root system is described here from the proximal boundary of the basal bodies toward the distal boundary of the basal Fenbendazole bodies as viewed from the anterior end of the cell (Figure 7). The DB and the VB were joined with a connecting fiber and associated with three microtubular roots: the dorsal root (DR), the intermediate root (IR) and the ventral root (VR) (Figures 7A-B). The VB, IR and VR were also associated with three fibrous roots: the right fiber (RF), the intermediate fiber (IF) and the left fiber (LF) (Figure 7B). The DR and IR were associated with two thin laminae: the dorsal lamina (DL) and the IR-associated lamina (IL), respectively (Figures 7A-D, 9B).