Giant optically induced quenching of in-plane conductivity driven by recharging of EL2 centers is observed in the spectral range from 0.83eV to 1.0eV. Conductivity loss under photoexcitation is discussed in terms of carrier localization by analogy with carrier distribution
in disordered media. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.”
“Importance: Pearly penile papules (PPPs) are benign, dome-shaped lesions found around the corona of the penis. Treatments have varied in the past; however, to our knowledge, the use of the pulsed dye laser (PDL) for this condition has never been reported in the literature. Such papules are histologically analogous to angiofibromas; thus, we report Fer-1 mw PDL is an appropriate, effective, and nonablative method of treatment.\n\nObservations: Four patients diagnosed with PPPs were treated with PDL. Each patient reported little to no discomfort during the procedure. Minimal bruising was found in all 4 patients, which diminished over time. One patient stated slight discomfort after the procedure; this however, resolved in a weeks’ time. Complete clearance of the papules was noted after 2 to 3 treatments in 2 patients and a reduction of the papules in 2 patients.\n\nConclusions and Relevance: These 4 case reports
illustrate the advantages of using PDL when treating PPP. In each patient, www.selleckchem.com/products/nsc-23766.html the appearance of the papules was either completely diminished or significantly reduced after the procedure. This result was achieved with only minimal discomfort felt by the patients. The use of PDL offers dermatologists a new treatment modality for PPPs that is safe, easily performed, and produces excellent aesthetic results.”
“Stuffed mussel is a traditional food that sold by street
venders in various countries. In the present study, samples of stuffed mussels were collected from various places in Ankara. The mussels were analyzed to show the microbiological risks for human health. Thirty samples (600 stuffed mussels in total) were collected periodically and microbiological analyses were performed by standard procedures for Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella sp., Clostridium sp. In terms of Salmonella sp., approximately 50% of samples were not suitable for consumption. Besides, in accordance SCH727965 price with Turkish Food Codex Microbiological Criteria Announcement in terms of E. coli 30%, in terms of B. cereus 80%, in terms of S. aureus 76.6%, in terms of Clostridium perfringens 13.3% of these samples were not suitable for consumption. The aim of this study is to discuss the microbiological quality of stuffed mussels as a ready-to-eat food according to Turkish Food Codex (TFC). The result of this investigation indicates that stuffed mussels as a street food may constitute a potential health hazard, depending on contamination level and lack of sanitary practices, and therefore, handling practices should require more attention and improvement.