For Gary CSF staining, the main antibody against H CSF and the secondary antibody of FITC were used. Mobile nuclei were counterstained with 406 diamidino 2 phenylindole. The specimens were imaged using a laser scanning confocal microscope. Three sections per eye were examined and there were three mice in each class. Retinal trials from sham operated rats, operated for one week and fourteen days were used in the double staining research for g AKT and neuronal nuclei. Sections were first incubated with 2%BSA in 1X PBS containing 0. Three minutes Tritone X 100 for 1h at room temperature. Consequently, these samples were incubated for 2-4 h at 4 restroom with the primary antibody diluted supplier PFI-1 with five full minutes blocking solution in 0. 1 M PBS. These primary antibodies were mouse anti NeuN and used: rabbit anti p AKT. Extra antibodies employed for double staining were anti mouse Cy3 and anti rabbit FITC for 2 h at room temperature. Cell nuclei were counterstained with DAPI. The specimens were imaged using a laser scanning confocal microscope. Three parts per attention were analyzed and there were three subjects in each class. Statistical analysis was performed with commercial software. Students t test was used to evaluate the differences among groups with regards to cell number. Statistical significance was declared if a g value was 0. 0-5. The western blot analyses of p AKT, p STAT3 and p ERK on retinal samples Endosymbiotic theory demonstrated that administration of G CSF after the ON crush in rats triggered the phosphorylation of AKT, but not STAT3 and ERK, in retinas as demonstrated by the western blot analysis. Based on the findings of western blot, we used multiple intravitreal injections of PI3K/Akt inhibitor in our experiments. P AKT immunoreactivitywas improved generally within the retinas of ON crushed, Gary CSF handled and PBS intravitreal shot mice, at both one and two weeks after the break event. Intravitreal injection of PI3K/Akt chemical was observed to downregulate AKT phosphorylation natural compound library in the retinas of H CSF addressed and ON crushed subjects at both one and a couple of weeks, as shown within the IHC and western blot analysis. RGC densities in mid peripheral retina and the central for shamoperated and PBS intravitreal shot eyes were 2710 _ 690/mm2 and 1700 _ 470/mm2, respectively. Intravitreal injection of LY294002 alone for sham operated rats decreased densities of RGCs both in the central and middle peripheral retinas, however not statistically different. Intravitreal injection of LY294002 alone for that ON crushed eyes didn’t show a difference in the RGC densities. A couple of weeks after ON crush and PBS therapy, the central and mid peripheral RGC densities reduced to 870 _ 690/ mm2 and 470 _ 340/mm2, respectively. RGC densities in the central and middle peripheral retina for G CSF treated, ON crushed and PBS intravitreal shot eyes were 740 _ 240/mm2 and 1630 _ 390/mm2, respectively.