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“Recurrent NAB2-STAT6 gene fusions hav

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“Recurrent NAB2-STAT6 gene fusions have recently selleck been identified in solitary fibrous tumour by next generation sequencing. Our aim was to examine the sensitivity and specificity of STAT6 immunohistochemistry for solitary fibrous tumour versus other morphologically similar soft tissue tumours. STAT6 expression was evaluated in 54 solitary fibrous tumours of various sites and 99 soft tissue tumours in

the histological differential diagnosis. We used a rabbit monoclonal STAT6 antibody (1: 100), which has not been reported by others, on formalin fixed, paraffin embedded whole sections and tissue microarray slides. Only nuclear staining of STAT6 was considered positive. Distribution of staining was scored as: 0 (no staining), 1+ (1-25%), 2+ (2650%), 3+ ( bigger than 50%). Intensity was scored as weak, moderate or strong. Nuclear STAT6 staining was present in all SFT cases tested (54/54, sensitivity 100%), regardless of histology, anatomical site or CD34 status. The majority of cases showed 3+ and strong staining. All tested cases of cellular angiofibroma (0/9), myofibroblastoma (0/10), spindle

cell lipoma (0/10), benign fibrous histiocytoma (0/13), dermatofibrosarcoma protruberans (0/9), low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (0/7), schwannoma (0/8), desmoid-type fibromatosis (0/8), monophasic synovial sarcoma (0/11), malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour (0/7), and mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (0/7) were negative for STAT6 (specificity 100%). Our study further supports the utility of STAT6 immunohistochemistry BVD-523 MAPK inhibitor as an adjunct in the diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumour.”
“Recently, great progress has been made in particularly in the imaging of cartilage and bone structure. increased interest has focused on high-field (3 Tesla) imaging and more recently on ultra-high field (UHF) magnetic

resonance imaging (MRI) at 7 T for in vivo imaging. Because the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) scales linearly with field strength, a substantial increase in SNR is expected compared with lower field strengths. This gain in SNR CSF-1R inhibitor can be used to increase spatial resolution or reduce imaging time.\n\nThe goal of this review was to highlight recent developments and challenges in in vivo musculoskeletal (MSK) imaging using UHF-MRI at 7 T. One focus of this review is on the emerging methodology of quantitative MRI for the assessment of trabecular bone structure at the tibia, wrist, and knee. In particular for this application, Susceptibility effects between the bone and bone marrow transitions that scale with field strength have to be considered. Another important MSK application is the characterization of knee cartilage morphology. The higher SNR provided by UHF-MRI is a potential advantage for visualizing, segmenting, and analyzing cartilage. Standard clinical MSK imaging relies heavily on T1, T2, and proton density weighted fast spin echo sequences.

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