3A and B). Only 3–6% of children with
no outpatient office visit in the year before the vaccination season were vaccinated against influenza; in comparison, 27–38% of their counterparts with ≥6 outpatient office visits were vaccinated in the following season. In the absence of an outpatient office visit, vaccination in adults ranged from 1% to 3%; in contrast, 13% to 18% of adults with 6 or more outpatient office visits were vaccinated. This pattern continued during all influenza seasons. The use of influenza vaccine types (IIV [PFS or MDV] or LAIV) demonstrated a number of distinct patterns. For children 6 to 23 months of age (Fig. 4A), the proportion of influenza vaccinations utilizing preservative-free PFS of IIV increased from 53% to 69%, while that of preservative-containing MDV of IIV decreased from 47% to 30%. Use of LAIV is not approved for children 6 to 23 months of age; hence, LAIV use in this IWR-1 in vitro age category GDC-0068 ranged from 0.3% to 1.1% and primarily occurred in children approaching their second birthday. Among children 2 to 17 years of age (Fig. 4B), the use of preservative-containing MDV of IIV decreased from 69% to 35%, whereas use of preservative-free PFS of IIV increased from 19% to 25%, and use of LAIV increased from 12% to 40% of the total. This trend was similar
in all pediatric age sub-groups with the exception of those 2 to 4 years of age: their use of preservative-free PFS of IIV remained relatively stable, with small fluctuations, during the study period, but the trend was Tolmetin similar in preservative-containing MDV of IIV and in LAIV. In adults, the most widely-used vaccine was preservative-containing MDV of IIV (76.5–93.9% of all doses), but use declined steadily over time and was offset by an increase in the percentage of preservative-free PFS of IIV (5.6–22%). LAIV and high-dose preservative free PFS of IIV represented <1.5% of all vaccines administered
to adults 18 to 64 years of age (Fig. 4C). The within-season timing of influenza vaccination changed over time. From 2007–2008 through 2009–2010, influenza vaccination peaked earlier each year, indicating a trend for early vaccination (Fig. 5A). Among vaccinated children, half were immunized by week 45 and 46 in 2006 and 2007, respectively. In later years, this threshold was achieved by week 43 in 2008 and 2010, week 42 in 2011, and week 40 in 2009. A similar pattern was observed in adults, where half were vaccinated by week 45 in 2006, and week 44 in 2007 and 2008; however, in later years, this threshold was achieved by week 42 in 2010 and 2011 and week 41 in 2009 (Fig. 5B). Each year, a distinct decline in pediatric and adult vaccinations occurred in late November and December, coincident with the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays. Among children and adults, influenza vaccination rates based on private insurance claims increased during 2007–2008 through the 2009–2010 influenza seasons.