Its fungicolous habitat, however, distinguishes it from Byssospha

Its fungicolous habitat, however, distinguishes it from Byssosphaeria. Appendispora K.D. Hyde, Sydowia 46: 29 (1994a). (?Didymellaceae) Generic description Habitat terrestrial, saprobic. Ascomata small, clustered, immersed, subglobose or irregularly pyriform. Peridium thin. Hamathecium of dense, long trabeculate pseudoparaphyses. Asci 8-spored, bitunicate, fissitunicate,

cylindrical, apical rounded with ocular chamber and faint ring, with short pedicels. Ascospores uniseriate to partially overlapping, fusoid, brown, 1-septate, slightly constricted at the septum. Anamorphs reported for genus: none. Literature: Hyde 1994a. Type species Appendispora frondicola K.D. Hyde, Sydowia 46: 30 (1994a). (Fig. 5)

Fig. 5 Appendispora frondicola (from BRIP 21354, holotype). a Immersed ascomata on host surface. b Valsoid check details configuration of the ascomata. c Cylindrical ascus. d Squash showing asci and numerous pseudoparaphyses. e Thin strands of anastomosing pseudoparaphyses. f, g Ascospores with one or two appendages. Scale bars: a = 0.5 mm, b = 100 μm, c–g = 10 μm Ascomata 120–280 μm high × 180–280 μm diam., clustered, immersed with minute ostioles visible through cracks or blackened dots on the host surface, subglobose or irregularly pyriform (Fig. 5a selleck chemicals and b). Peridium 40 μm thick, comprising two types of cells; outer cells, small heavily pigmented thick-walled cells of textura click here angularis, inner cells compressed, hyaline. Hamathecium of dense, very long trabeculate pseudoparaphyses, ca. 1 μm broad, embedded in mucilage, hyaline, anastomosing (Fig. 5e). Asci 130–144 × 11–13 μm, 8-spored, bitunicate, fissitunicate,

cylindrical, with an ocular chamber and faint ring, with short pedicels (Fig. 5c and d). Ascospores 21–30 × 7–9 μm, uniseriate to partially overlapping, fusoid, brown, 1-septate, slightly constricted at the septum, with an irregular ridged ornamentation and 3–5 narrow appendages at each end (Fig. 5f and g). Anamorph: none reported. Material examined: BRUNEL, Jalan, Muara, Simpang 835, on dead rachis of Oncosperma horridum on forest floor, Nov. 1992, K.D. Hyde 1652 (BRIP 21354, holotype). Notes Morphology Appendispora was described as a saprobe of palm, and is characterized by small, immersed ascomata, bitunicate, fissitunicate asci, trabeculate pseudoparaphyses, brown, 1-septate, appendaged ascospores with irregular wall striations (Hyde 1994a). Based on its trabeculate pseudoparaphyses embedded within gel matrix and its brown ascospores, Appendispora was assigned to Didymosphaeriaceae (Barr 1987b; Hyde 1994a). Phylogenetic study None. Concluding remarks The saprobic habitat and association with monocots, cylindrical asci, trabeculate pseudoparaphyses as well as its brown, 1-septate ascospores make it difficult to determine a better phylogenetic position than Didymellaceae. Ascorhombispora L. Cai & K.D.

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